2023 589,000 [34] English was, for a protracted period, the de facto, administrative language of Malaysia, though its status was later rescinded. Strategic Communication and International Division The Peranakan culture is still visible to this day in the former Straits Settlements of Singapore, Malacca and Penang. By definition of the Malaysian constitution, all Malays are Muslims. The Current Population Estimates, Malaysia, 2019 presents mid-year population estimates of Malaysia and state for the year 2018–2019. The only exceptions are Mathematics and Science and languages other than Malay, however this was only implemented in 2003, prior to which all non-language subjects were taught in Malay. Help     Update to date information about population of Malaysia in 2021. [88] Malaysia has the highest levels of obesity among ASEAN countries.[89][90]. Fax : 03-8888 9248 Source: United Nations Population Division, 2019. However, in Malaysia as a whole, the majority of ethnic Chinese now speak Mandarin, a non-native language from northern China (originally spoken by the Beijing elite and chosen as the official language of China), as their first language, while English is the first language for the rest. Most Eurasian Malaysians trace their ancestry to British, Dutch and/or Portuguese colonists, and there is a strong Kristang community in Malacca. ethnically, but are people of Malaysia rather than Indonesia. The state of Sabah alone had nearly 25% of its 2.7 million population listed as illegal foreign workers in the last census. KUALA LUMPUR, Jan 3 — Malaysia recorded an 11.3 per cent increase in new cancer cases from 103,507 in 2007-2011 to 115,238 in the 2012-2016 period, the Health Ministry said. Nevertheless, Kawi remained in use by the upper-class well into the 15th century. Both ethnicities worked mainly as clerks, public servants, teachers, hospital assistants, doctors and in other skilled professions. Public Relation Officer This is particularly the case with Indian Muslims from the peninsula and the Kedayan of Borneo. Malaysia's population, according to the 2010 census, is 28,334,000 including non-citizens, which makes it the 42nd most populated country in the world. [7] The total population is around 28.3 million according to the 2010 census. Both local and international students can acquire these identical foreign qualifications in Malaysia at a lower fee. [76] The education system features a non-compulsory kindergarten education followed by six years of compulsory primary education,[8] and five years of optional secondary education. [38] The 140,000 Orang Asli comprise a number of different ethnic communities. The third largest urban area in Malaysia is situated at the country's southern end, comprising the twin cities of Johor Bahru and Iskandar Puteri, along with Pasir Gudang and Kulai. Tamil cuisine is hugely popular. Similarly, female population increased from 15.7 million (2018) to 15.8 million. 2050 projection. ", Population by Age Group (1963–2010), Department of Statistics Malaysia, "UNSD – Demographic and Social Statistics", 9 February 2007 – Statistics Department, Malaysia – Vital statistics, 9 February 2007 – Statistics Department, Malaysia – Demographic key rates, "World Population Prospects, the 2019 Revision", https://newss.statistics.gov.my/newss-portalx/ep/epProductFreeDownloadSearch.seam, "Demographic Statistics Third Quarter 2020, Malaysia", "World Population Prospects – Population Division – United Nations", "PM asked to clarify mixed-race bumiputra status", "Geography of Wealth — Iban People/Malaysia Profile", "KadazanDusun, Kadazan Dusun Sabahan | ABC Sabah Malaysia", "Environmental Justice Case Study: Displacement of Indigenous People in Sarawak, Malaysia", "Current Population Estimates, Malaysia, 2017 – 2018", "Table 8.1 : Total population by ethnic group, Local Authority area and state, Malaysia, 2010 Negeri : PERAK", "Chinese, and truly Malaysian – Nation – The Star Online", "Current Population Estimates, Malaysia, 2016 – 2017", "Non-resident Indian and Person of Indian Origin", "Indian Fulbright scholar Honored by Malaysian PM", "Total migrant workers from Terai Madhesh of Nepal to Malaysia", "1 in 10 madhesi of Madhesi are migrant workers in Malaysia : Nepali times", "Madhesi are recognizes Nepali first in Qatar, Malaysia and India", "African migrants aspire to a better life in Asia", "Ethnologue report for Malaysia (Peninsular)", "Math and Science back to Bahasa, mother tongues", "Language Log: Malaysia cracks down on "salad language, Constitution of Malaysia:Article 160 (2)-1, "Malaysia moving forward in matters of Islam and women by Marina Mahathir – Common Ground News Service", "Unmarried couples caught in Malaysia hotel raids", "Malay groups want vernacular schools abolished", "In Malaysia, English Ban Raises Fears for Future", "Is Malaysia university entry a level playing field? Female population. At the end of Form Three, which is the third year, students are evaluated in the Form Three Assessment ("Pentaksiran Tingkatan Tiga", PT3). The population distribution is uneven, with some 79% of its citizens concentrated in Peninsular Malaysia, which has an area of 131,598 square kilometres (50,810.27 sq mi)… It is also the economic and business centre of the country, and is a primate city. 2019. The Iban is the main tribal language in Sarawak while Dusunic languages are spoken by the natives in Sabah. Notes. Disclaimer    Privacy Policy    Security Policy     Copyright    System Requirement     Sitemap, In 2020, Male: 16.2 mil ; Female: 17.5 mil, In 2020, Malaysia Population to reach 33.8 mil, Current Population Estimates, Malaysia, 2018-2019, The Source of Malaysia's Official Statistics, System of Environmental-Economic Accounting (SEEA), Special Data Dissemination Standard (SDDS), Interactive Malaysia Statistical Business Register (i-MSBR), International Merchandise Trade Malaysia & ASEAN, Malaysia External Trade Statistics Online (METS Online), Malaysia Informative Data Centre (MysIDC), Household Income, Expenditure and Basic Amenities Survey 2019, The Initial Assessment of The SDG Indicators for Malaysia 2018, Current Population Estimates, Malaysia, 2017-2018, Current Population Estimates, Malaysia, 2016-2017, Current Population Estimates, Malaysia, 2014 - 2016. There are over 70,000 Africans who have emigrated to Malaysia.[55]. Though they remain Hindu, the Chitties speak Bahasa Malaysia and women dress in sarong kebayas. [68] The percentage population of Muslims has been steadily increasing – from 58.6% in 1991, 60.4% in 2000, to the 61.3% of the 2010 census. A lion dances in front of the Church of Our Lady of Sorrows, one of the traditional Chinese-majority Catholic parishes in Penang, Malaysia, on Feb. 4, 2019. The Indians who came to Malaysia brought with them the Hindu religion, its unique temples called Kovils and the Sikhs with their Gurdwaras. Children begin primary schooling at the age of seven for a period of six years. They account for about 11 percent of the nation's population, and represent a majority in East Malaysia of Sabah and Sarawak. [1][8] The population distribution is highly uneven, with some 20 million residents concentrated in Peninsula Malaysia. They produced a syncretic set of practices, beliefs, and arts, combining Malay and Chinese traditions in such a way as to create a new culture. [85], The country generally has an efficient and widespread system of health care. [7][69], The majority of Malaysian Indians follow Hinduism (84.5%), with a significant minority identifying as Christians (7.7%), Sikhs (3.9%), Muslims (3.8%), and 1,000 Jains. Really? The 2.01 million strong Indian community in Malaysia is the smallest of the three main ethnic groups, comprising only 7.0% of the total population excluding non-citizens as of 2017. miles). [69] Christianity constitutes a slim majority of the non-Malay Bumiputra community (50.1%) with an additional 36.3% identifying as Muslims while 7.3% follow folk religion. The Chinese have been settling in Malaysia for many centuries, as seen in the emergence of the Peranakan culture, but the exodus peaked during the nineteenth century through trading and tin-mining. Malaysian national secondary schools are sub-divided into several types: National Secondary School (Sekolah Menengah Kebangsaan), Religious Secondary School (Sekolah Menengah Agama), National-Type Secondary School (Sekolah Menengah Jenis Kebangsaan) (also referred to as Mission Schools), Technical Schools (Sekolah Menengah Teknik), Residential Schools and MARA Junior Science College (Maktab Rendah Sains MARA). Regulation of sexual activities among the Muslim population is strict; with laws prohibiting unmarried couples from occupying a secluded area or a confined space to prevent suspicion of acts forbidden in Islam. Later on, some of them owned businesses that became large conglomerates in today's Malaysia. Malaysian officials are reported to have turned deportees directly over to human smugglers in 2007, and Malaysia employs RELA, a volunteer militia, to enforce its immigration law.[14]. The Bidayuhs, numbering around 170,000, are concentrated in the southwestern part of Sarawak. Students also have the option of enrolling in private tertiary institutions after secondary studies. Similarly, the composition of population 65 years and over (old–age) increased from 6.5 per cent to 6.7 per cent. Read more Malaysia bans controversial belt and road comic for cultural insensitivity Malay culture shows strong influences from Buddhism, Hinduism and animism. The Malays are an ethnic group predominantly inhabiting the Malay Peninsula and parts of Sumatra and Borneo. However, the situation has now changed and companies are now exploring this area again, corresponding with the increased number of foreigners entering Malaysia for medical care and the recent government focus on developing the health tourism industry. Department of Statistics, Malaysia As of 1 January 2021, the population of Malaysia was estimated to be 32,645,919 people. Data from Department of Statistics Malaysia:[24] [25], Total fertility rate (TFR) by state according to year:[28], Average life expectancy at age 0 of the total population. [81] Since the introduction of the matriculation programme as an alternative to STPM in 1999, students who completed the 12-month programme in matriculation colleges (kolej matrikulasi in Malay) can enrol in local universities. These private universities are also gaining a reputation for international quality education and students from all over the world attend these universities. A major problem with the health care sector is the lack of medical centres for rural areas, which the government is trying to counter through the development of and expansion of a system called "tele-primary care". Alor Star Urban Area Population Projections. [65] Thai is also spoken in some areas. Malaysia’s population in 2019 is estimated at 32.6 million, increased from 32.4 million as compared to 2018. The ethnic Malayalees from Kerala celebrate the Onam festival (new year) and Vishu. The population estimates provided are based on Population and Housing Census 2010 which has taken into accounts births, deaths and migration components. The Romanised script was introduced during the colonial period and, over time, it came to replace both Sanskrit and Jawi. When they first arrived, the Chinese often worked the most grueling jobs like tin mining and railway construction. Citizens of Minangkabau, Bugis or Javanese origins, who can be classified "Malay" under constitutional definitions may also speak their respective ancestral tongues. [43] The English-speaking Chinese minority is typically concentrated in cities such as Kuala Lumpur, Petaling Jaya, Subang Jaya, George Town, Ipoh and Malacca. A small minority of Malaysians do not fit into the broader ethnic groups. Kuala Lumpur is the capital and largest city of Malaysia. As with Malaysian youths of other races, most Chinese youth are multilingual and can speak up to four languages with at least moderate fluency – their native Chinese language, Mandarin, English and Malay. Orang Asli are the natives in Peninsular Malaysia and is generally divided into three major groups, namely the Negrito, Senoi and Proto-Malay. They make up about half of the total population. Johor. The increase in the composition of working age and the old age population contributed to the incline of the median age in 2019. [72] The jurisdiction of Shariah courts is limited only to Muslims in matters such as marriage, inheritance, divorce, apostasy, religious conversion, and custody among others. The sex ratio for Citizens declined slightly from 103 males per 100 females (2010–2014) to 102 males per 100 females (2015–2019). George Town, the capital city of Penang, is the second largest city, with nearly 710,000 inhabitants as of 2010. [83] Instead, private universities have sprung up to cater to the local population. [70] Since then the religion has become the predominant religion of the country and is recognised as the state's official religion. [21][22] All key rates sampled per 1000 of population. The Malaysian population consists of people of different races, religions and race. [66] Citizenship in the states of Sabah and Sarawak in Malaysian Borneo are distinct from citizenship in Peninsular Malaysia for immigration purposes. Jawi was taught along with Islam, allowing the script to spread through all social classes. [5] Some Chinese families, known as Peranakan ("straits-born"), have resided in Malaysia since as far back as 15th century Malacca. The largest group of Malaysians consist of three main races, namely the Malays, Chinese and Indians. Malaysian Chinese businesses developed as part of the larger bamboo network, a network of overseas Chinese businesses operating in the markets of Southeast Asia that share common family and cultural ties. Recent efforts to bring many facilities to other towns have been hampered by lack of expertise to run the available equipment. The more common languages in Peninsular Malaysia are Hokkien, Cantonese, Hakka, Teochew, Hainanese, and Hokchiu. The population policy of the government is to achieve a stabilized population of 70 million by year 2070, which means that the fertility level must decrease from 4 to 2 children per woman. Some choose to be identified according to paternal ethnicity while others simply think that they fall in the "Others" category. Majority of the Indians in Malaysia mainly speak Tamil while Telugu, Malayalam and Punjabi are also spoken. Private hospitals have not generally been seen as an ideal investment—it has often taken up to ten years before companies have seen any profits. Kuala Lumpur's 2021 population is now estimated at 8,210,745.In 1950, the population of Kuala Lumpur was 261,528.Kuala Lumpur has grown by 213,915 since 2015, which represents a 2.67% annual change. Other indicators visualized on maps: (In English only, for now) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15-19) [10] Due to the rise in labour-intensive industries,[11] Malaysia is estimated to have over 3 million migrant workers, which is about 10% of the Malaysian population. Conversely, there were more females in the old–age group (65 years and over) in the year under review (1.13 million females and 1.06 million males). There also exist aboriginal groups in much smaller numbers on the peninsula, where they are collectively known as Orang Asli (literally meaning "original person"). 2022 576,000. No other criminal or civil offences are under the jurisdiction of the Shariah courts, which have a similar hierarchy to the Civil Courts. However, since the riot racial stability has prevailed, if not full harmony, and mixed marriages are on the rise. [47][48][49] As for the Punjabis from Punjab, most of them where enlisted in the army in Malaya while some handled the bullock-cart services in the country.[50][51]. Originally brought by the British as bodyguards and security personnel, Nepali population consist of Rana, Chettri, Rai and Gurung clans. A majority of Cantonese speaking Chinese are the descendants of immigrants who came from the Chinese provinces of Guangdong and Guangxi in the mid 19th and early 20th centuries. There is no general consensus on the ethnic profiling of children of mixed parentage. Statistics from the 2000 Census indicate that 75.9% of Malaysia's ethnic Chinese identify as Buddhist, with significant numbers of adherents following Taoism (10.6%) and Christianity (9.6%), along with small Hui-Muslim populations in areas like Penang. Most Malaysian Chinese follow a combination of Buddhism, Taoism, Confucianism and ancestor-worship but, when pressed to specify their religion, will identify themselves as Buddhists. This was largely due to the influence of the European education system, wherein children were taught the Latin alphabet. There are a number of government-funded public universities in Malaysia, the most prominent of them being University of Malaya. In Sarawak, the dominant tribal group are the Dayak people, who are either Iban (also known as Sea Dayak) or Bidayuh (also known as Land Dayak) of which are mainly Christians. Of this population, approximately 70,500 refugees and asylum seekers are from the Philippines, 69,700 from Burma, and 21,800 from Indonesia. By constitutional definition, Malays are Muslims who practice Malay customs (adat) and culture. Federal Government Administrative Centre, [10] Bumiputra status is also accorded to certain non-Malay indigenous peoples, including ethnic Thais, Khmers, Chams and the natives of Sabah and Sarawak. These schools cater to the growing expatriate population in the country and the Malaysians who want a foreign curriculum, UK based curriculum, English education or Australian curriculum as well. Malaysian Chinese mostly speak Chinese languages from the southern provinces of China. However, unlike government schools, independent schools are autonomous. Population distribution by states and territories, Population age distribution trends for 2001–2016. See notes. Malays from different states in Malaysia carry distinct dialects that can sometimes be unintelligible to most of their fellow countrymen. Most Malaysians are conversant in English, although some are only fluent in the Manglish form. [9] 74.7% of the population is urban. Looking back, in the year of 1960, Malaysia had a population of 8.2 million people. Other major cities in Malaysia include Ipoh, Kota Kinabalu and Kuching. Some of the less-spoken languages such as Hainanese are facing extinction. Malaysia has many other non-Malay indigenous people, who are given Bumiputra status. However, in the matriculation system, only 10 per cent of the places are open to non-Bumiputra students.[82]. Before the introduction of the matriculation system, students aiming to enter public universities had to complete an additional 18 months of secondary schooling in Form Six and sit the Malaysian Higher School Certificate (Sijil Tinggi Persekolahan Malaysia, STPM); equivalent to the British Advanced or 'A' levels. Of the 32.25 million Malaysians (January 2019 data), 25 million are social media users, 40.24 million mobile subscriptions , and 24 million use social media on their mobile devices. Of the remainders, 0.4% was accounted for by other faiths, including animism, folk religion, and Sikhism, while 1.7% either reported having no religion or did not provide any information. Sabah based NGOs estimate that out of the 3 million population, 2 million are illegal immigrants. It takes six years to complete secondary education in Chinese independent schools. In addition to the Malaysian National Curriculum, Malaysia has many international schools such as The International School Kuala Lumpur, Alice Smith School, Gardens International School, Cempaka Schools Malaysia, Kolej Tuanku Ja'afar...etc. Population estimates are rounded to the nearest hundred. The icon links to further information about a selected division including its population structure (gender, age … [14] The USCRI named Malaysia as one of the ten worst places for refugees on account of the country's discriminatory practices toward them. Sabah has a large amount of indigenous people, 28% of the population are Kadazan-Dusuns, and 17% are Bajaus.[10]. All ethnic Malays are considered Muslim by Article 160 of the Constitution of Malaysia. The Chinese community in Malaysia, depending on the predominant dialect in a particular region, speaks a variety of Chinese dialects including Mandarin, Hokkien, Cantonese, Hakka and Teochew. 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